🎰 Error led to bombing of Monte Cassino | World news | The Guardian

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President Franklin Roosevelt held a press conference at which he said the abbey had been bombed because “it was being used by the Germans.


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Halfway between Naples and Rome, on a mountaintop and visible for miles, stands the Benedictine abbey of Monte Cassino, serene and benign, apparently​.


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On the 15th of February , Allied planes bombed the abbey at Monte Cassino as part of an extended campaign against the Axis.


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dropped on the Monte Cassino monastery that day killed any German troops. However, given the imprecision of bombing in.


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I have some questions about Prime Minister Winston Churchill's silence over the bombing of Monte Cassino Abbey, and his later, contradictory reconstruction.


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Halfway between Naples and Rome, on a mountaintop and visible for miles, stands the Benedictine abbey of Monte Cassino, serene and benign, apparently​.


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Allied generals ordered a huge bombing attack. Only when the planes were in the air did a British intelligence officer, Colonel David Hunt.


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Halfway between Naples and Rome, on a mountaintop and visible for miles, stands the Benedictine abbey of Monte Cassino, serene and benign, apparently​.


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Alan Johnston goes inside a room containing the last of the rubble from the bombing of Italy's Monte Cassino monastery in World War II.


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I have some questions about Prime Minister Winston Churchill's silence over the bombing of Monte Cassino Abbey, and his later, contradictory reconstruction.


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Some men, women and children died. But Sir Rupert's book says Hunt told him after the war that the monastery was not occupied by the German parachutists who were holding the Cassino feature. I don't find the story at all hard to believe. It was idleness by the man who read the intercept. In February , when Monte Cassino was bombed, he was general staff officer in charge of intelligence in a unit with Sir Rupert. The ruins created a superb German defensive position which cost thousands of allied soldiers' lives before the monastery fell after a further three months of fighting. Field Marshal Lord Carver, former chief of general staff, who is writing the Imperial War Museum's official history War in Italy, , said he had not previously heard of the intercept. Late - early The town of Cassino becomes a key German defence point against the allied advance on Rome. From his own study of the papers of British, American and Commonwealth generals in the Imperial War Museum, Lord Carver said he did not think the reportedly misread intercept was likely to have influenced the decision to bomb. There he writes the Rule of St Benedict, which becomes a guide for celibate asceticism. He found that what it actually said was: "The abbot is with the monks in the monastery". Virtually all its decorative detail had been destroyed; but the bronze doors were found and restored to their place. He becomes theologian St Thomas Aquinas. Fighting in conditions almost as severe as the trenches of the first world war, allied units on exposed slopes were under heavy artillery fire which they were convinced was being directed by spotters in the 1,ft high monastery. Only when the planes were in the air did a British intelligence officer, Colonel David Hunt, recheck the full radio intercept. From Lombards to Second World War St Benedict founds the monastery, with a routine of prayer and farming, on a pagan temple site 87 miles south-east of Rome. We know from records that Alexander was very conscious of allied responsibilities under this agreement. Allied generals ordered a huge bombing attack. But details about the timing of these messages are not clear enough to rule out the possibility that they were transmitted as propaganda after the bombing. Monte Cassino, restored in the s, is a shrine for relatives of the estimated , soldiers on all sides who lost their lives in the battles around it. In public, allied leaders exploited the belief that Monte Cassino was occupied to prepare opinion for aerial attacks on it. The intercept, in its mistranslated form, implied the Germans had broken their word. Its copy of the Rule is taken to Rome for safety. Monte Cassino - founded in by St Benedict, numbering St Thomas Aquinas among its early monks - was blitzed in what is mourned as probably the greatest single aesthetic disaster of the war. February 14 Allied artillery fire leaflets alleging German occupation of the monastery and warning of bombing. Reuse this content. The abbot is with the monks in the monastery'.

The officer - translating an intercepted radio message - mistook the German word for abbot for a similar word meaning battalion.

Col Hunt - Alexander's personal intelligence officer - later became Sir David Hunt, diplomat, author and private secretary to the post-war prime ministers Clement Attlee and Winston Churchill. That exonerated the allies and served as a green light for the bombing.

Monte Cassino becomes the font of western monasticism. German strongpoints in the mountains around Cassino were imperilling the allied advance towards Rome. Topics World news. Panzer corps messages quoted by German historians after the war speak of a metre military no-go area around the abbey.

The translation then produced was 'Is the HQ in the abbey? War is monte cassino bombing balls-up. He becomes theologian St Thomas Aquinas Earthquake damages buildings - Monte cassino bombing repaired and extended Late - early The town of Cassino becomes a key German defence point against the allied advance on Rome February 14 Allied artillery fire leaflets alleging German occupation of the monastery and warning of bombing February 15 Allied bombers obliterate the monastery Monte Cassino is rebuilt after an more info appeal.

Monte cassino bombing abbot, who survived the bombing, said: "I swear there were never any German soldiers in the area of the monastery. Its copy of the Rule is taken to Rome for safety Saracen forces storm the monastery Norman forces storm the monastery New bronze doors for the abbey are cast in Constantinople now Istanbul for the abbot Desiderius A scholarly monk, Constantine the African, dies after giving western civilisation its first systematic account of classical Greek medicine through translations Thomas Aquino joins Monte Cassino for spiritual instruction.

On February 14 allied guns fired leaflets over the area warning that, in view of the Monte cassino bombing occupation, "with very heavy hearts we are going to have to turn our weapons on the abbey". Controversy continues over whether it was Monte cassino bombing before the bombing.

Monte Cassino becomes the font of western monasticism St Benedict dies s Lombard forces storm the monastery. Hunt's account of the intercept is told for the first time in With Alex at War, the autobiography of Sir Rupert Clarke, aide -de-camp to Field Marshal Lord Alexander of Tunis, deputy supreme allied commander in Europe and the leading British general in the liberation of Italy.

The world's most glorious monastery, at Monte Cassino in Italy, was destroyed during the second world war because of a mistake by a British junior officer, according to new evidence in a book due out this week. But Brigadier Watkins said: "Both the allied and German sides had given undertakings to the Pope that they would not destroy the monastery.

His version convinced his superiors this meant a German military unit was using the monastery as its command post, in breach of a Vatican agreement which treated it as neutral. Most popular.

It was only when Col Hunt questioned the translation and the whole intercept that it transpired that the correct reply to the question was, in fact, 'Ja, Abt is mit Monchem in Kloster'.